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Найя (Naja) гранулы гомеопатические 10 г

Найя (Naja) гранулы гомеопатические 10 г

Найя (Naja) гранулы гомеопатические 10 г

При стенокардических расстройствах с падением артериального давления, а также при эссенциальной гипертонии с колеблющимся артериальным давлением (то низкое, то высокое), которому соответствует пульсто нитевидный, слабый, мягкий, то напряженный. Ощущение будто на грудь положили тяжелый груз, часто иррадиация сердечной боли в левое плечо, реже в правое. Головная боль в левой височной области и левом глазу, простирающаяся до затылка. Сухость во рту, горле. Пороки сердца с сухим щекочущим кашлем. Слабость сердца после инфекционных болезней. Невралгии, спазм гортани. Спазм пищевода. Подавленность, мысли о самоубийстве, грусть и молчаливость. Соответствует преимущественно женщинам.

Способ применения:

Доза на один прием в зависимости от возраста (если врачем не назначено иначе):

Взрослые: 5-8 гранул
Дети до 2 лет: 1-2 гранулы
от 2 до 10 лет: 2-4 гранулы
старше 10 лет: 4-5 гранул

Гранулы рассасывать под языком, не запивая их водой. Детям возможно разведение в чайной ложке воды.

Для обеспечения наибольшей эффективности действия гранулы следует принимать в промежутках между едой. Во время лечения не рекомендуется употреблять крепкий чай, кофе, алкоголь, лук, чеснок и другие сильно пахнущие продукты. Не следует принимать гомеопатические лекарственные средства после чистки зубов. Допустимо сочетать прием гомеопатических препаратов с другими лекарственными средствами, однако делать это следует не одновременно.

Частота применения гомеопатических лекарственных средств в зависимости от состояния заболевания (если врачем не назначено иначе):

При острых состояниях: каждые 15-30 минут, при улучшении состояния каждые 2-4 часа
При хронических состояниях: от 1-4 р/день до 1 р/неделю

* При лечении хронических заболеваний на фоне приема гомеопатических препаратов может происходить временное обострение симптомов. В этом случае следует прервать прием лекарства на несколько дней, а затем продолжить в менее частых приемах или обратиться к врачу.

Во время беременности и в период грудного вскармливания прием лекарств должен быть согласован с врачом.

Гомеопатические гранулы следует хранить при комнатной температуре в защищенном от прямых солнечных лучей и недоступном для детей месте.

Производитель: Гомеофарм, Россия

Описание:

Заказать гомеопатические гранулы найя и другие гомеопатические препараты европейского качества в различных разведениях и удобной упаковке-диспенсере вы можете на Online Гомеофарм. Отправьте фотографию индивидуального рецепта через специальную форму «Заказать изготовление», а мы быстро изготовим и доставим нужные гомеопатические средства.

Чтобы купить гомеопатические препараты от производителя из Санкт-Петербурга Гомеофарм, регистрируйтесь и оформляйте заказ на сайте или звоните по телефону. Всегда в наличии широкий выбор товаров для здоровья и красоты – комплексные и монокомпонентные гомеопатические лекарства, натуральная косметика, витамины, добавки к пище.

Naja naja (Linnaeus, 1758)

snakes

A Naja naja can be easily identified by the presnce of hood and the sepectle mark on the back of the hood. The hood is spread only when the snake is aggitated, and in some specimens the hood marks are absent too. Body slender with smooth oval shaped scales. Dorsal color includes yellow, all shades of brown, grey, reddish, black or black mixed with blue, purple, red etc. Side dorsal scales are larger and clearly oval shaped while scales on the top are narrow and become pointed. Color greatly depends on geographical region. Maharashtra, whole South India, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal etc. coastal states population bear color range of yellow and brown. Sometimes dark color obtuse bands are also found on posterior body. While Central, northern & Western India population is known for dark brown or black color.

Spectacled Cobra is the most famous and fascinating snake found in Indian subcontinent and adjacent countries. This can be easily identified by having hood and adjoined rounded mark on posterior of hood. Color of this snake greatly depends on geographical areas. In and around human habitation and agricultural lands it can be seen commonly as a rodent predator. Due to its mentions in religious books and stories this species is praised by Hindus. Also this is the most common snake used by snake charmers for their livelihood by displaying to layman.

  1. Dutta S. K., Acharjyo L. N. (1995) Herpetofaunal resources and their conservation in Orissa, India. Zoos’ Print, Vol. 10 (7), pp. 5-8
  2. Wall F. (1908) Notes on snakes collected in Fyzabad. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society (18), pp. 101-129
  3. Sawai Y. (1998) Venomous snakes and snakebite treatment in Asia. Russian Journal of Herpetology Vol. 5 (2), pp. 103 – 112
  4. Wüster W. (1996) Taxonomic changes and toxicology: Systematic revisions of the Asiatic Cobras (Naja naja species complex). Toxicon, Vol. 34 (4), pp. 399-406
  5. Srinivasulu C., Das I. (2008) The Herpetofauna of Nallamala Hills, Eastern Ghats, India: An annotated checklist, with remarks on nomenclature, taxonomy, habitat use, adaptive types and biogeography. Asiatic Herpetological Research, Vol. 11, pp.110–131
  6. Ganesh S. R., Chadramouli S. R., Sreekar R., Shankar P. G. (2013) Reptiles of the Central Western Ghats, India- a reappraisal and revised checklist, with emphasis on the Agumbe Plateau. Russian Journal of Herpetology. Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 134- 142
  7. Wüster W., Thorpe R. S. (1991) Asiatic cobras: Systematics and snakebite. Experientia 47, pp. 205-209
  8. Wüster W., Thorpe R. S. (1989) Population affinities of the Asiatic cobra (Naja naja) species complex in south-east Asia: reliability and random resampling. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 36, 391-409
  9. Joseph P., Mathew J. P., Thomas V. C. (2007) Scale morphology, arrangement and micro-ornamentation in Xenochrophis piscator (Schneider), Naja naja (Linn), and Eryx johni (Russell). Zoos’ Print Journal, 22 (12): 2909-2912
  10. Wüster W. (1993) A century of confusion: Asiatic cobras revisited. Vivarium 4 (4): 14-18
  11. Ganesh S. R., Asokan J. R. (2010) Catalogue of Indian herpetological specimens in the collection of the Government Museum Chennai, India. Hamadryad Vol. 35 (1), pp. 46 – 63
  12. Wüster W., McCarthy C. J. (1996) Venomous snake systematics: Implication for snake bite treatment and toxinology. Envenomings and their treatments, pp. 13- 23
  13. Castoe T. A., Smith E. N., Brown R. M., Parkinson C. L. (2007) Higher-level phylogeny of Asian and American coralsnakes, their placement within the Elapidae (Squamata), and the systematic affinities of the enigmatic Asian coralsnake Hemibungarus calligaster (Wiegmann, 1834). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 151, 809–831
  14. Ali S. A., Yang D. C., Jacksona T. N. W., Undheima E. A. B., Koludarova I., Wood K., Jones A., Hodgsond W. C., McCarthye S., Rudera T., Fry B. G. (2013) Venom proteomic characterization and relative antivenom neutralization of two medically important Pakistani elapid snakes (Bungarus sindanus and Naja naja). Journal of Proteomics, 89, 15 – 23
  15. Pattnaik T. K., Nath I., Bose V. S. C., Parbathamma P., Das J. K., Lenka S. S. (2007) Rehabilitation of an injured Indian Cobra Naja naja. Zoos’ Print Journal 22 (6): 2735-2736
  16. Wüster W., Thorpe R. S. (1992) Asiatic Cobras: Population systematics of the Naja naja species complex (Serpentes: Elapidae) in India and Central Asia. Herpetologica, 48 (1), 69-85
  17. Boulenger G. A. (1890) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma, Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Taylor and Francis.
  18. Whitaker R., Captain A. (2004) Snakes of India, The Field Guide. Draco Books
  19. Masroor R. (2012) A Contribution to the Herpetology of Northern Pakistan. Ithaca SSAR
  20. T. S. N. Murthy (2010) The reptile fauna of India. B. R. Publishing Corporation
  21. Wüster W., Warrell D. A., Cox M. J., Jintakune P., Nabhitabhata J. (1997) Redescription of Naja siamensis (Serpents: Elapidae), a widely overlooked , spitting cobra from S. E. Asia: geographic variation, medical importance and designation of neotype. J. Zool., Lond. 243, 771-788
  22. Smith M. A. (1943) The fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma including the whole of The Indo-Chinese Sub-region, Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol 3 Serpentes. Taylor & Francis, London.
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  24. Boulenger G. A. (1896) Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 3, London: Taylor and Francis.
  25. Nath A., Singha H., Das A. (2011) Snakes of Bongaigaon Municipality Area, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (13), pp. 9-13
  26. Wallach V., Williams K. L., Boundy J. (2014) Snakes of the World: A catalogue of living and extinct species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  27. Wüster W. (1998) The Cobras of the genus Naja in India. Hamadryad 23 (1): 15-32
  28. Günther A. (1864) The reptiles of British India. London: Published for the Ray Society by Robert Hardwicke
  29. Wüster W., Thorpe R. S. (1992) Dentitional phenomenon in Cobras revisited: spitting and fang structure in the Asiatic species of Naja (Serpents: Elapidae). Herpetologica, 48 (4), pp. 424-434
  30. Wüster W., Thorpe R. S. (1990) Systematics and biogeography of the Asiatic cobra (Naja naja) species complex in the Philippine Islands. Vertebrates in the Tropics. Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, pp. 333-344
  31. Whitaker R. (2005) Common Indian Snakes, A Field Guide. Macmillian Publishers
  32. Murthy T. S. N. (1990) Illustrated Guide to the Snakes of the Western Ghats, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 114
  33. Purkayastha J. (2013) An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India)
  34. Wallach V., Wüster W., Broadeley D. G. (2009) In praise of subgenera: taxonomic status of cobras of the genus Naja Laurenti (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 2236: 26–36
  35. Jayathangaraj M. G., Ramesh S., Basith S. A., Rajarathinam R. (2006) A case of mouth rot and helminthiasis in a Spectacled Cobra Naja Naja. Zoos’ Print Journal 21(1): 2142
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Reproductive mode (Reptiles)

Mating begins during post winter season with male combat. Winning male performs mating rituals with female. Egg lying and guarding done by female in mounds and caves. Up to 30 eggs it can lay and hatching done from late summer to most of monsoon.

New born- 25-30cm.
Average length- 150cm.
Maximum length- 210cm.

Spectacled Cobra is basically a nocturnal species but crepuscular behavior is mostly shown by it. Can be seen at daytime also. Activity terrestrial but can climb well when needed for foraging and roosting. Behavior alert and aggressive. On provocation raise its forebody to show famous hood and hiss loudly to give warnings. Gives mock attacks initially but can bite in furry to deliver its neurotoxin venom. To escape it tries to crawl slowly which is done by keeping eyes on enemy by curling and bowing the hood.

It preys on a variety of animals including frogs, toads and rodents. Also feeds on birds, other snakes including venomous ones, small mammals (mongoose and kittens), eggs etc. Can climb up to good heights on roof tops and trees in search of food.

Venomosity (Snakes)

Venomous

Found both in hills and plains. Distributed in variety of forests of Indian mainland which includes rainforest, mixed, moist and dry deciduous forests, grassland, wetland, desert etc. Lives in dense & open forests, agricultural lands, city outskirts, around wetlands, rocky terrain having mounds and deep hiding places, old woods etc. Hides in mounds, holes, piles, caves, cracks etc.

Global Distribution

India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan.

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Indian Distribution

In India throughout most of the country, incl. Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, [Dino Aulakh, pers. comm.], Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat.

Distributed throughout the country upto Assam. Not found in Indian Islands and Himalayan hills. Also found in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

IUCN: Not listed

Direct threats includes killing due to its venom potency, fear due to its aggressive behavior known to layman encounterd with it and road kills. This snake is exploited extensively by all Indian snake charmers and comes in skin trade too. Many communities consume this species for edible use. Its venom is used in production of Anti Venom Serum and various research use so venom harvesting is done illegally in some parts of India and many other countries of its range. This is one among many venomous snake which are in high demand for Chinese medicines and snake vine.

CITES Status

Wildlife Protection Act (1972): Schedule 2.

Spectacled Cobra is one of the most active feeder of all kind of small to medium size rodents. It is one important and potent reptile which controls rodents in forests, rural areas, city periphery and agricultural lands, i.e. wide range of habitat. It should be allowed to remain populated in agriculture fields to prevent grain loss caused by rodents. Apart from these, its venom is used for various medical researches and production of life saving Anti-venom serum which cannot be replaced by any other medicine to treat bites given by the same and sister species.

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It is considered to be the most venomous snake of World by Indian layman whose bite cannot be treated. Another myth is widespread by this snake is it can capture person's image or identity who threats it or its partner and takes revenge anytime in person's life. In Hindu religious beliefs it is said that Cobras always live in pairs. In reality there are many other species shows higher venom potency which are found in its range. Like all other snakes and reptiles it lacks advanced memory to recognize a human being by face. Spectacled Cobra is like any other reptile which can never spend life in pairs. It can live with other individuals for longer time by sharing habitat but no proved relation with gender and mating needs is yet proved.

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